Tuesday, February 22, 2011
Submarine USS Hunley - Civil War
In the U.S. Navy Memorial Museum, Washington Navy Yard, Washington, D.C. is a bronze bust of the Confederate Army captain who designed the first submarine to sink a warship in combat.
The one-and-a-half-foot bust is that of Captain Horace Lawson Hunley, resting on a block of white marble from his home state of Tennessee.
Captain Hunley was born in Sumner County, TN, 29 Dec. 1823. Forty years later, in the midst of the Civil War, he was primarily responsible for the design of the Confederate States Ship Hunley, a submarine constructed by Lt. W. A. Alexander and Lt. George E. Dixon of the 21st Alabama Volunteer Regiment.
Manned by a crew of nine volunteers, Hunley was basically a modified cylinder steam boiler, measuring 36 to 40 feet long. She was powered by a hand-turned propeller which, under ideal conditions, could move the submarine at a speed of four knots.